What is a Purchase Discount? Definition Meaning Example

Usually, suppliers allow a days period by which the company must settle its obligations. However, some suppliers may also offer a purchase discount if the company repays its debt before that period. There is no such account call purchase discounts or purchase returns allowances because the company keeps the inventory on the books at what it paid for it. This allows the manufacturers to increase their sales, but it also reduces their cash flow because cash from the sales isn’t being received immediately.

This means if Company A pays the invoice within 10 days, they can take a 2% discount off the total order amount. Hence, the total accounts payable become a total of $15,000 ($1,470 + $30) the same as the original invoice amount. A buyer debits Cash in Bank if a purchase return or allowance involves a refund of a payment that the buyer has already made to a seller.

He has been a manager and an auditor with Deloitte, a big 4 accountancy firm, and holds a degree from Loughborough University. Purchase Discounts is also a general ledger account used by a company purchasing inventory goods and accounting for them under the periodic inventory system. The amount of net purchase incurred would be 194,000 and freight charges of USD 20,000. This cost of goods purchased we have calculated is needed when we calculate the cost of goods sold which is a line item on the income statement. This means the business can avail of a discount of USD 30,000 if it makes the payment within 15 days.

Accounting for Purchase Discounts – Entry, Example, and More

On 1st January, Dolphin Inc. purchased goods worth $2,000 from Blenda Co. On the other hand, the seller’s incentive to offer discounts is simply the fact that he is going to receive the total amount much earlier than the requested date. The incentive to the buyer of purchase discount is that the purchase costs decrease, and the business can save a considerable amount on procurement costs.

  • Later, when a specific account receivable is actually written off as uncollectible, the company debits Allowance for Doubtful Accounts and credits Accounts Receivable.
  • The business pays cash of 1,470 and records a purchase discount of 30 to clear the customers accounts payable account of 1,500.
  • For the USD 4,000 goods, the business negotiated with the supplier to provide an allowance.
  • If a buyer is purchasing something from a company, sometimes, you can negotiate some terms if you pay cash upfront or if you pay within a certain time period.
  • For example, if a business sold 200 units of its product at $800 each, that business has made $160,000.
  • However, this treatment only applies if the company meets the supplier’s criteria to avail it.

The contra account purchases returns and allowances will have a credit balance to offset it. Bill uses the purchases returns and allowances account because he likes to keep tabs on the amount as a percentage of purchases. He also needs to debit accounts payable to reduce the amount owed the supplier by the amount that was returned. Under the allowance method, a company records an adjusting entry at the end of each accounting period for the amount of the losses it anticipates as the result of extending credit to its customers. The entry will involve the operating expense account Bad Debts Expense and the contra-asset account Allowance for Doubtful Accounts. Later, when a specific account receivable is actually written off as uncollectible, the company debits Allowance for Doubtful Accounts and credits Accounts Receivable.

What are Purchase Discounts, Returns and Allowances?

The early payment discount is also referred to as a purchase discount or cash discount. In this journal entry, there is no purchase discount account like in the online custom receipt generator periodic inventory system. Likewise, the company simply reduces the cost of inventory in the amount of discount received by crediting the inventory account.

Accounting for Purchase Discounts: Net Method vs Gross Method

A bookkeeping expert will contact you during business hours to discuss your needs. With conversion as the ultimate goal, a First Purchase Discount can prove to be a practical and powerful tool. It persuades potential customers to transition from mere visitors to becoming paying customers, hence maximizing the conversion rate. On the contrary, the debtor, who has purchased the goods, has a chance to earn more as a result of the amount that is being withheld.


Let’s assume that the supplier gives companies that purchase a high volume of goods a trade discount of 30%. If a high volume company purchases $40,000 of goods, its cost will be $28,000 ($40,000 X 70%). To comply with the cost principle the company will debit Purchases (or Inventory) for $28,000 and will credit Accounts Payable for $28,000.

At the date of purchase the business does not know whether they will settle the outstanding amount early and take the purchases discount or simply pay the full amount on the due date. In these circumstances the business needs to record the full amount of the purchase when invoiced and ignore any discount offered in the supplier terms. This means the buyer can get an additional two percent discount if he pays for the goods in full within the first 10 days after the order was made. If the purchaser doesn’t pay for the goods in the first 10 days, the entire purchase price must be paid in 30 days. Cash purchases require payment in cash at the time of purchase whereas credit purchases require payment at a future date.

To account for this, accountants have to estimate non-payments with the use of doubtful accounts. Accounts receivable is an asset and has a debit balance, so doubtful accounts have a credit balance. Assume that a company receives a supplier’s invoice of $5,000 with the credit terms 2/10 net 30.

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Revenues are what businesses earn through selling their products to their customers while expenses are what businesses spend in the course of running their operations. For most businesses, the sales revenue that comes from their main operation is the main source of their revenues. Net sales revenue is equal to gross sales revenue minus sales discounts, returns and allowances. Purchase discount is an offer from the supplier to the purchaser, to reduce the payment amount if the payment is made within a certain period of time.

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